A full-fledged Harappan settlement was discovered at Lothal and similar Harappan centres at Rangpur, Rozdi and other places in Saurashtra and Kutch. Lothal is the name given to a mound near Saragwala, a village in Ahmedabad district. The name is derived from the Gujarati word "Loth" which means "the dead body". Lothal and other finds are now the oldest sites in India which have their links with pre-history.

The excavations at the site have brought to light a well-planned city with rows of houses. All the discoveries prove that the city must have been a commercial centre and a part carrying on commerce with the hinterland as well as foreign countries. Harappans might have come of this part of India and proceeded farther inland. While the Harappan civilization came to an end in punjab, it continued for about 500 years more in Gujarat.

Sun Temple at Modhera:

Sun Temple Modhera

The sun temple at Modhera in Mehsana  districts, in north Gujarat, built during the reign of the Solanki king Bhimdev I near a village of the same name, represents one of the most magnificent monuments of Gujarat. The temple, though in ruins, is still in its extant form an imposing structure and is counted among the best specimens of Indian art and architecture. The niches in the inner sides of the surroundings wall contain twelve images of the Sun-god, fashioned in the Iranian style, characterised by their lofty boots reaching up to the knees. The shrine faces due east to allow the rays of the rising sun at equinoxes to the seat of the deity.

The temple complex consists of a Prasad, a Sabha Mandap and a Kund. The image of the presiding deity is missing. The underground cell in the sanctum is supposed to have contained an additional image.

Gandhian Places  


Hriday Kunj:

The small house in the Harijan Ashram in Ahmedabad  where Mahatma Gandhi carried on his experiments  non-violent struggle for the freedom of the country is very aptly called the Hriday Kunj. The ashram was founded by the Mahatma when he left his  first Ashram at Kocharb. From 1918 to 1930, when he left the Ashram to launch his famous Salt Satyagraha, the Hriday Kunj was the source of inspiration during the freedom movement. The Ashram has a museum and a prayer ground.Kirti Mandir,  Home ofGandhi

Kirti Mandir :

Porbandar  which is a seaside  town in Saurashtra was the birth place of the Father of Nation . It has also a mythological  association . Lord krishina's

  classmate, Sudana hailed from this place . The town was formerly known as Sudanapuri . The house where Mahatma  Gandhi  was born  has been turned into a national  monument  Kirti Mandir . The memorial  contains within it a library of books on Gandhism, a spinning hall, a children's nursery  and a prayer hall where prayers of all faith are held regularly.


Kaba Gandhi no Delo:

Kaba Gandhi no Delo in Gujarati means 'the residence of Kaba Gandhi'. This is Mahatma Gandhi's ancestral house in Rajkot where he spent his childhood.Mahatma Gandhi High School

Mahatma Gandhi High school

Gandhiji spent his earlier years in Rajkot and did his schooling here. The school earlier known as Alfred High school was renamed after its most luminary student.



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