MONUMENTS OF GUJARAT
A full-fledged Harappan settlement was discovered at Lothal and similar Harappan centres at Rangpur, Rozdi and other places in Saurashtra and Kutch. Lothal is the name given to a mound near Saragwala, a village in Ahmedabad district. The name is derived from the Gujarati word "Loth" which means "the dead body". Lothal and other finds are now the oldest sites in India which have their links with pre-history.
The excavations at the site have brought to light a well-planned city with rows of houses. All the discoveries prove that the city must have been a commercial centre and a part carrying on commerce with the hinterland as well as foreign countries. Harappans might have come of this part of India and proceeded farther inland. While the Harappan civilization came to an end in punjab, it continued for about 500 years more in Gujarat.
Sun Temple at Modhera:
The sun temple at Modhera in Mehsana districts, in north Gujarat, built during the reign of the Solanki king Bhimdev I near a village of the same name, represents one of the most magnificent monuments of Gujarat. The temple, though in ruins, is still in its extant form an imposing structure and is counted among the best specimens of Indian art and architecture. The niches in the inner sides of the surroundings wall contain twelve images of the Sun-god, fashioned in the Iranian style, characterised by their lofty boots reaching up to the knees. The shrine faces due east to allow the rays of the rising sun at equinoxes to the seat of the deity.
The temple complex consists of a Prasad, a Sabha Mandap and a Kund. The image of the presiding deity is missing. The underground cell in the sanctum is supposed to have contained an additional image.
The small house in the Harijan Ashram in Ahmedabad where Mahatma Gandhi carried on his experiments non-violent struggle for the freedom of the country is very aptly called the Hriday Kunj. The ashram was founded by the Mahatma when he left his first Ashram at Kocharb. From 1918 to 1930, when he left the Ashram to launch his famous Salt Satyagraha, the Hriday Kunj was the source of inspiration during the freedom movement. The Ashram has a museum and a prayer ground.
Kirti Mandir :
Porbandar which is a seaside town in Saurashtra was the birth place of the Father of Nation . It has also a mythological association . Lord krishina's
Kaba Gandhi no Delo:
Kaba Gandhi no Delo in Gujarati means 'the residence of Kaba Gandhi'. This is Mahatma Gandhi's ancestral house in Rajkot where he spent his childhood.